General Information about COVID-19

COVID-19 Introduction

PSA: COVID-19 General Information
PSA: Calhoun County Infectious Disease Task Force
What to do if you are sick or suspect you have been exposed to COVID-19

Pandemics are slow motion disasters.
Infectious diseases are NOT created equal.


Plagues, Pestilence & Pandemics

  • 14th century Europe - The Black Death
  • 16th century Aztec Empire-Smallpox
  • Three influenza Pandemics of the 20th Century
  • 2009 H1N1 Swine Influenza
  • 2003 SARS
  • MERS-CoV (2012-present)
Pestilence Artwork

The 1918 Spanish Flu

  • H1N1 virus
  • Avian origin
  • Est 50 million deaths worldwide
  • Est 675,000 deaths in U.S.
  • Age groups most affected:
    • < 5 y.o.
    • 20-40 y.o.
    • ≥ 65 y.o.
Spanish Flu Hospital

Other Influenza Pandemics of the 20th Century

1957-58

  • H2N2 virus
  • “Asian Flu”
  • Avian genes
  • Est 116,000 deaths in U.S.


1968

  • H3N2 virus
  • “Hong Kong Flu”
  • Avian genes
  • Est 100,000 deaths in the U.S.

Influenza Pandemics Come in Waves


Influenza Death rates
Accessible Description

Know Your Enemy


SARS

  • Caused by a novel Coronavirus
  • Detected – 2002
  • Origin - Guangdong Prov., China
  • Reservoir – bats, civets (?)
  • Cases – 8,422
  • Deaths - 916
  • CFR – 10.8%
  • Contained in 2003 (WHO)


MERS

  • Caused by a novel Coronavirus
  • Detected - 2012
  • Origin - Saudi Arabia, UAE
  • Reservoir – dromedary camels
  • Estimated cases – 2,494
  • Deaths - 858
  • CFR – 34.4%
  • Last case in 2019

What is COVID-19?

  • Emerged – late 2019
  • Announced – January 2020
  • Origin – Hubei Province, China
  • Reservoir – unknown
  • Case Profile
    • 80% are mild
    • 15% are treated w/ medications that address symptoms
    • 5% require hospitalization - Most at risk are elderly with underlying health conditions (lung disease)

What Public Health Hopes to Achieve


What Public Health Hopes to Achieve
Accessible Description of Goals of Community Mitigation

Encroachment on Northeast Alabama

  • First reports from China – January 12, 2020
  • First case in U.S. – January 20, 2020
  • JSU began planning and preparedness – January 26th
  • First hot spot in U.S. – Seattle - February 29, 2020
  • A confirmed case of COVID-19 in N.W. Georgia on March 6th
  • Alabama’s first case of COVID-19 on March 13th

Conclusion

  • COVID-19 is real
  • Don’t panic - remain calm and cooperative
  • Your campus is getting ready for COVID-19
  • We have been planning and preparing since late January
  • Now is the time to get yourself and your family ready
  • Make a pledge to be part of the solution